Global Experts Meeting on Infectious Diseases
University of Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Title: Infectious diseases surveillance - problems in in developing countries
Biography: Zarema Obradovic
The control of infectious diseases in FB&H is regulated by the Law. According to this Law 84 diseases are reportable. Diagnostic of infectious diseases for about 2.200.000 inhabitants is carried out in 40 laboratories.There are no adequate diagnostics for a large number of diseases and it is not possible to set causative diagnosis. Treatment of patients with infectious diseases is performed in 6 health centers with 274 hospital beds. Epidemiological surveillance is organized through 10 public health institutes (one in each canton). All the cases of infectious diseases are not reported because of different reason. One is no computerization of the health system yet. Some reports come to epidemiological services with delays which makes difficultis in implementation measures. Among reported cases dominant infectious diseases are those transmitted by air and transmitted by food and water. Because of the strengthening of the anti-vaccine movement, vaccine-preventable diseases also occur.