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Global Experts Meeting on Infectious Diseases

Tokyo, Japan

Lydia Nabil Fouad Melek

Lydia Nabil Fouad Melek

Alexandria University, Egypt

Title: The unique features of oral and maxillofacial infections

Biography

Biography: Lydia Nabil Fouad Melek

Abstract

Oral and Maxillofacial infections often jeopardize patients’ lives. Most of the orofacial infections are odontogenic in origin, with endogenous bacteria gaining access to deeper tissues. Early infection is often initiated by high-virulence aerobic organisms (commonly streptococci) which cause cellulitis, followed by mixed aerobic and anaerobic infections. As the infection becomes more chronic, the anaerobic bacteria predominate and eventually the infection becomes exclusively anaerobic.

Regional intracranial spread of infection to the cavernous sinus, and also to the mediastinum is likely for those who are immunocompromised and left untreated. This may lead to lethal complications.

In this presentation, the unique pathophysiological features of maxillofacial infections will be reviewed, and therapeutic procedures will be discussed. In addition, a hint will be given about Ludwig’s angina, necrotizing fasciitis, and osteomyelitis of the jaws